There is no better way than vaccines to protect oneself from contracting severe infectious diseases. Most people are vaccinated for childhood infection and other infections prevalent in his or her native region. However, things differ when traveling, as there is a high risk of exposure to uncommon infectious conditions.
Most people are vaccinated for diseases prevalent globally like diphtheria, hepatitis B, Hemophilus influenza type b, human papillomavirus, seasonal influenza, measles, mumps, pertussis, tetanus, tuberculosis, poliomyelitis, rubella, rotavirus., varicella, pneumococcal disease.
Above mentioned vaccines are regarded as essential in most nations. Nonetheless, before traveling, it is necessary to make sure that you have been vaccinated for all the routines immunizations and properly access by your doctor. Depending on your travel activities risks, travel destination, and mandatory vaccines required for entry at that destination, he or she will recommend the best vaccines for your trip abroad. Sometimes you will need a booster dose of some vaccines. It is always best to visit your doctor or travel clinic to discuss your travel needs, so you travel with peace of mind and are healthy throughout your trip.
Most childhood vaccines are enough, and there are no particular recommendations for this area of the world. Nonetheless, it is good to consider some of the vaccines for additional protection like measles (booster dose), or if you are unsure about your vaccination status better get vaccinated with MMR vaccine (measles, mumps, rubella). Hepatitis A, B, and rotavirus vaccines are also recommended.
One should also keep track of seasonal outbreaks of influenza, meningococcal disease, and pneumonia prevalence in the region one is planning to visit. For all these conditions, vaccines are available. Please always consult your MD.
Central and South America
Central and Southern America are both diverse, and many tropical infections are widely prevalent there. As in any case, first ensure that you had all the essential vaccines like MMR, polio, tetanus, diphtheria.